Tudhop Herb Garden
About the Garden
Our Tudhop House Herb Garden is filled with sixty-one different examples of plants that would have been found in pioneer gardens.
Please note that this information is not intended as medical advice – do not use without consulting experts.
All of the plants in our garden are courtesy of Forest Glen Herb Farm, located at 8333 Glendale Drive, Lambton Shores, Ontario N0N 1J7
Below is a map of the garden at the Tudhop Home. Click on the information icons to find out more about each type of plant.
Annual: a plant that lives for a year or less.
Biennial: a plant that takes two years to grow from seed to fruition and die.
Perennial: a plant that lives for several years.
Anthelmintic: kills internal parasites.
Antispasmodic: suppresses muscle spasms.
Bouquet Garnis: a French herb bundle used in preparing soups and strews
Decoction: a concentrated liquor resulting from heating or boiling a substance.
Essential Oil: a natural oil typically obtained by distillation and having the characteristic fragrance of the plant from which it is extracted.
Fixative: a substance used to stabilize the volatile components of perfume.
Infusion: a drink, remedy, or extract prepared by soaking tea leaves or herbs in liquid.
Varicose: a swollen, twisted, and lengthened vein, as a result of poor circulation.
Medicinal: Peppermint was often used to treat respiratory infections, diarrhoea, flatulence, abdominal spasms, digestive and gallbladder disorders. It was also commonly used to stimulate appetite. Culinary: Fresh peppermint leaves make a refreshing tea substitute and candy flavouring. Other: Essential peppermint oil is used in flavouring toothpaste, mouthwash, pharmaceutical preparations and liqueurs.
Medicinal: Fresh parsley leaves are rich in vitamins A, B, C and iron, which stimulates appetite, aids digestion, alleviates kidney and bladder disorders, and regulates menstrual flow. Juice from fresh parsley roots can heal wounds and reduce swelling. Essential oil drawn from parsley can be toxic in strong doses. Culinary: Parsley is commonly used as a garnish. Other: A face-pack made with parsley and egg whites was often used as a skin cleanser.
Lemon Balm (Perennial)
Medicinal: The aromatic properties of lemon balm were used to ease headaches and relieve tension. Taken orally, a tea would soothe toothaches and morning sickness. Culinary: Lemon balm was often used to make a refreshing tea, as well as to add flavour to meat and vegetable dishes. Other: Lemon balm is a common herb used in potpourri.
St. John's Wort (Perennial)
Medicinal: Used to treat chronic inflammation of internal organs and gynaecological disorders. The essential oil is drawn out to heal wounds, burns, bruises, and haemorrhoids. The most common use of St John’s wort is as a treatment for depression. Other: Once was hung in windows and doorways to drive away evil spirits.
Medicinal: Roots and fruits can be applied as a compress to relieve chest congestion and asthma. It is also known to relieve loss of appetite, flatulence, and bronchitis when ingested. When used in bath preparations exhaustion and arthritic pain is eased. Culinary: Leaf stalks can be candied, enjoyed as a sweet herbal tea, used for cake decorating or used to flavour liqueurs. Other: Fragrant addition to perfumes and potpourri.
Also Know As: Giant Hyssop and Korean Mint Medicinal: Used to treat stomach flu, nausea, diarrhoea, and abdominal pain by aiding the absorption of nutrients and increasing intestinal function. Culinary: Adds a liquorice flavour and is often used as a tea.
Sweet Cicely (Perennial)
Medicinal: Used to prevent infection during plague out breaks. Culinary: All parts of the plant are edible, the leaves and roots can be cooked or eaten raw and the stalks can make a good celery substitute. The seed are often used as flavouring. Leaves can be used as seasoning and have a strong taste reminiscent of anise. Sweet cicely is also commonly used as a sweetener. Other: The leaves and seeds of sweet cicely can be used in polishes for wood.
Medicinal: All parts of the plant are extremely poisonous and preparations that include foxglove are only available by prescription as high doses can be fatal. Foxglove is used in cardiac medicines to strengthen and regulate the heart as well as to increase blood flow to the kidney, promoting urination.
Medicinal: Relieves sore throats, strain headaches, psoriasis, fungal skin infections, and skin pigment loss. Culinary: Traditionally used in foods as a citrus flavouring. It is also a traditional ingredient in Earl Grey tea. Other: It is often used as an insecticide to prevent lice and parasites from entering the body. Bergamot is also used in the manufacturing of perfumes, creams, lotions, soaps and suntan oils.
Also Known As: French Parsley Medicinal: Traditionally used as a digestive aid and for lowering blood pressure. Culinary: It is used for seasoning poultry, seafood, and young vegetables.
Jerusalem Artichoke (Perennial)
Medicinal: Contains a natural form of insulin and have been used in folk remedies to address diabetes. Culinary: It can be cooked and used as a substitute for potatoes or can be converted into fructose and used as a diabetic-friendly sugar substitute. Other: Frequently added to pig food because it helps pigs absorb more nutrients from their food.
Medicinal: Sorrel's large vitamin C content resulted in its use as a cure for scurvy and it has been brewed into a cooling drink for fevers. An infusion taken internally is a good remedy for acne, eczema, and minor skin disorders, and acts as a mild antiseptic, blood cleanser, and kidney stimulant. Other: Household use as a polish and stain remover to clean wicker and bamboo furniture, to shine silver; and to remove ink stains from clothes.
Medicinal: Once used to relieve insect bites and stings and relieving menstrual pains. It was also used as a preventative for travel sickness, to ease chronic gastritis, stomach pains, flatulence, constipation, respiratory disorders and urinary infections. Culinary: The fresh or dried herb is used to flavour soups, salads, sauces, meats, and fish dishes.
Medicinal: Used to stimulate appetite and relieve high blood pressure. Culinary: They are commonly added to salads, soups, and cheese and egg dishes because of their subtle onion flavour.
Medicinal: The leaves and flower tops have been used as a remedy for the common cold. Extracts of the plant were used for the treatment of intestinal parasites. Culinary: Often used in flavouring liqueurs and candies.
Medicinal: Used medically to reduce sweating and lactation, as well as to treat coughs, colds, nervous conditions, and gastrointestinal disorders. Culinary: Commonly used in the kitchen where it is a strong, spicy addition to pork and other meat dishes, salads, and spreads. Other: Traditionally used as a conception aid. A few sage leaves rubbed gently on teeth, make an effective toothbrush and remove plaque, clear stains, and stimulate gums.
Medicinal: To treat indigestion, nausea and vomiting, as well as relieves symptoms of respiratory illnesses such as bronchitis and the common cold. Culinary: Leaves can be boiled and used like spinach and shoots can be served as asparagus. Other: Used to clear unpleasant odours, freshen breath, and protect food stores from rodents.
Good King Henry (Annual)
Also Known As: English Mercury, Mercury Goosefoot and Poor Man’s Asparagus Medicinal: Exhibits gently laxative properties.
Salad Burnet (Perennial)
Medicinal: Used as a blood purifier and eases pain of sunburn when applied as a compress. Culinary: The flower can be used in salads. Other: It has a gentle refining effect on skin, making a good moisturizer.
Medicinal: Used as a remedy for indigestion, and to promote milk flow in nursing mothers. Essential oils from the caraway plant can be an effective treatment for liver and kidneys, but can be harmful in large doses. Culinary: Widely used in flavouring bread, meat, cheese, pickles and sauces. It is an ingredient in alcoholic beverages such as Kümmel and gin. Roots can be eaten as a vegetable and leaves can be added to salads and soups for added sweetness. Other: It was used traditionally to freshen breath.
Medicinal: The whole plant is used to ease bronchitis; whooping cough, coughs, head colds, and mixtures will help alleviate rheumatic pain. Compresses are applied to swellings, slow healing wounds, ulcers, and rashes to promote rapid healing. Caution must be used when consuming violet; in strong doses, the root will induce vomiting and diarrhoea.
Medicinal: Flowers are used for stomach and intestinal disorder, flatulence, to stimulate appetite, to stop diarrhoea, and to destroy intestinal parasites. Externally, crushed leaves can bring rapid relief to bee stings. Culinary: Used to season meats, fish, poultry, eggs, or beans. Distilled essential oil is used commercially as flavouring.
Welsh Onion (Perennial)
Also Known As: Green Onion, Salad Onion, Japanese Bunching Onion Culinary: Used for flavouring dishes, commonly added to salads or used as a garnish. It is widely used in Asian cuisine, particularly in Japanese miso soup and teriyaki dishes
Medicinal: Can be brewed into a tea to treat stomach and gallbladder disorders, diarrhoea, coughs, asthma, nervous headache, general exhaustion, and menstrual pains. It has also been used in gargles, bath preparations and as a liquid pain reliever. A strong infusion will help ease the discomfort of an earache especially if it is caused by wax build-up. Culinary: Once essential to beer brewing before the discovery of hops. It is also a common kitchen herb, especially in Italy for pizzas and spaghetti dishes.
Medicinal: Used as an antidote for headaches and depression. It is a strong antiseptic and will relieve insect bites, clear spots and act as a soothing skin tonic. It is also used for relieving gastrointestinal and respiratory disorders. Thyme has been known to ease sore throats and chest infections when taken orally in the form of a tea. Culinary: Is used to give flavour to Benedictine, which is a French herbal liqueur. It is an essential ingredient in a bouquet garnis. Thyme can be added to sauces, soups, and meat and fish dishes. Other: Used as incense to burn in temples. Today, the distilled essential oil is widely used in pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries.
Medicinal: Ingesting calamint will induce sweating, promote expulsion of phlegm, and relieve convulsions, cramps and shortness of breath; it is even thought to cure yellow jaundice.
Also Known As: Carnation, Pink, and Firewitch Medicinal: Traditionally used to treat coronary and nerve disorders as well as to expel intestinal worms. Culinary: Flower petals can be candied or used as a salad garnish. Other: Pleasantly scented leaves are be used in perfumes, potpourri, or boiled down and the water used to make soap.
Also Known As: Lad’s Love and Old Man Medicinal: Used as a compress to treat frostbite, cuts, and grazes. Other: It is used as an air freshener due its lemony fragrance, which also repels bees and other insects, and will keep away clothes moths when dried and place in a muslin bag.
Camphor Southernwood (Perennial)
Medicinal: Used as a compress to treat frostbite, cuts, and grazes. Other: Is used as an air freshener due to its lemony fragrance, which also repels bees and other insects, and will keep away clothes moths when dried and place in a muslin bag.
Medicinal: Traditionally used as a treatment for nervous disorders, insomnia, and gynaecological complaints. The essential oil is used to loosen phlegm and mucus, to increase urination, and expel parasitic worms from the body. Caution should be taken while using mugwort because it may cause muscle spasms or convulsions. Culinary: Was used at one time as flavouring in beer.
Medicinal: Boiled and strained hyssop leaves and flowers can be used to make cough syrup. An infusion of leaves will ease pain and discolouring of a black eye and bring relief to insect bites and stings. Culinary: Its minty flavour can be a pleasant addition to both sweet and savoury dishes. Other: In the garden, hyssop attracts bees to itself and other plants. It is a common addition to perfumes and potpourris because of its pleasant fragrance.
Medicinal: Used to treat intestinal worms, to stimulate menstruation and rid people of internal parasites. It was also applied externally to reduce swelling, bruises, and varicose veins. Other: Used as an insect repellent. It is also used as a flavouring and colouring and smells of camphor when dried.
Clary Sage (Biennial)
Medicinal: Used for upset stomach and other digestive disorders, as well as kidney diseases. An oily substance secreted by the plant was once used to remove foreign objects from eyes, to remove thorns and splinters from the skin, and for treating tumors. Other: Clary Sage has a pleasant fragrance was which is why it is used in perfumes and soaps. It was once placed in toilets to absorb odours.
Medicinal: Administered to ease headaches, calm nervous disorder, cure insomnia, suppress coughs, and ease flatulence. Lavender essential oil is a powerful antiseptic and was used to dress wounds in World War II. Other: It was once used to perfume bath water.
Also Known As: Catmint and Catnep Medicinal: A medicinal tea can be brewed from the leaves of catnip to treat nervous disorders, neuroses, migraines, gastrointestinal disorders, chills, colds, amenorrhea and menstrual pain. Externally Catnip can also be applied as haemorrhoid ointment. Other: Attracts cats and insects such as caterpillars and grasshoppers.
Orris Root (Perennial)
Medicinal: When used, itroot will work more forcefully and rapidly than a laxative. Other: Is used as a fixative for potpourri and perfume, helping the colour and fragrance last longer. It is also used in perfumes and cosmetics.
Medicinal: Traditionally used to treat headaches, reduce fever, and control lice. It was also once used to promote perspiration, and the seed would be used to speed child delivery, open liver obstructions, heal jaundice, and relieve kidney stones. It can be taken to calm agitation or for general stomach and intestinal problems.
Also Known As: Verbena Medicinal: Vervain was thought to keep away headaches and poisonous bites. It remains a popular remedy for nervous complaints, general nervous exhaustion, insomnia, and migraines. It is used internally to treat various disorders associated with the stomach, liver, and kidneys. It is excellent for stimulating metabolism as well as a compress. It was commonly used in bath preparations for skin disorders.
Meadow Clary (Biennial)
Medicinal: Seeds were made into paste to remove particles from the eyes and reduce inflammation and redness. Leaves and flowers have been used as a gargle to soothe sore throats. Culinary: Its leaves and flowers were used as flavouring for both beer and wine. Other: It was also used to clean teeth.
Medicinal: Used externally Chamomile effectively treats ulcers, eczema, and wounds. When ingested it lowers fevers and relieves nausea, indigestion, menstrual pains and insomnia. Other: Was used in homes to help with ventilation and hygiene, when it was inadequate.
Medicinal: Used internally as an antidote to poison consumption, as well as to heal ulcers, liver disease, diabetes, kidney diseases, dysentery (intestinal inflammation), cholera, diarrhoea, and food poisoning. Externally it is used to cleanse wounds and can be made into a compress to stop bleeding.
Also Known As: Pot Marigold Medicinal: Extracts and ointments are used to heal stubborn wounds, bedsores, persistent ulcers, varicose veins, bruises, inflamed gums and skin rashes. It is also used in post tooth extraction mouth wash to promote healing and prevent oral infection. Culinary: Flower heads can be used as a food colouring agent. Other: Flower heads are often used as a fabric dye. It is also used to make cleansing, softening and soothing skin creams and lotions.
Also Known As: Herb of Grace Medicinal: Can be used carefully as eyewash or a compress for wounds and skin ulcers. It was also used in bath preparations for varicose veins, rheumatisms, arthritis, and neuralgia (nerve pain). All parts of the plant are poisonous and strong doses can cause mental derangement even handling rue may cause a rash. Other: Dried plants and leaves make an excellent insect repellent. Was once used to ward off evil spirits and protect against infection.
Also Known As: Speedwell and Health Speedwell Medicinal: Occasionally used in herbalism as a cough medicine and for stomach complaints, kidney disorders, and rheumatism. Culinary: It makes a pleasant tea substitute.
Lamb's Ear (Perennial)
Medicinal: The leaves have been used as bandages. This herb comes from the same family as Betony, which has antiseptic properties, thus presenting possible (unconfirmed) similar infection-preventing characteristics.
Medicinal: An infusion of strawberry leaves and tea mixtures will benefit sufferers of anaemia and nervousness, and will also help gastrointestinal disorders and kidney and urinary diseases. Culinary: The fruit of the strawberry plant is usually eaten raw or cooked into desserts. Fermented strawberry leaves can be used as a tea substitute.
Medicinal: A tea brewed from fennel leaves treats both constipation and diarrhoea, relieves colic pain, stimulates milk flow in breastfeeding mothers, treats urinary disorders, and relieves coughs and bronchitis. Culinary: Fennel is often used in fish dishes, and leaf bases can be served as vegetables.
Medicinal: Once used to cure a variety of ailments from indigestion to boils to warding off cholera. A medical infusion was used in herbalism to relieve dropsy (edema), urinary disorders, rheumatism, and nervous exhaustion. Lovage should not be ingested in large quantities because it can cause nausea and vertigo. Culinary: Blanched lovage stems can be a celery substitute; seeds and leaves can be added to casseroles, soups, and sauces; Leaves and stalks can be simmered until tender and make a delicious vegetable on their own.
Medicinal: Its essential oil of sneezewort is very effective in treating fatigue, loss of appetite, and urinary disorders. It curbs flatulence, regulates bowel movements, and alleviates rheumatic and dental pain. Other: Dried and powdered leaves are sometimes used as a sneezing powder.
Medicinal: Used to treat wounds, fractures, and reduce bruising due its scar-healing, wound-healing, anti-inflammatory, skin softening and mildly sedative properties. Internally it has been used to treat chronic respiratory infections, stomach ulcers, and diarrhea. Other: In the garden,it will enrich garden soil and the presence of abundant leaves will help break down waste matter quickly and organically.
Medicinal: Used to relieve stomach pain and migraine headaches. Is also a mild sedative, disinfectant, antispasmodic, and a mild anthelmintic.
Medicinal: Once used as a sedative for treating epilepsy, insomnia, and nervousness. It is often found in pharmaceutical preparations prescribed for nervous heart, convulsions, nervous dyspepsia, depression, nervous exhaustion, anxiety, headaches, and chronic insomnia.
Medicinal: Extracts and essential oils have been used to promote menstrual flow and as an abortive. Its oil has antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties. It may reduce headaches, reduce stress, and aid in asthma and bronchitis treatment. Culinary: Itis a widely used culinary spice. Other:Its extracts are commonly found as cosmetic ingredients and a lotion of the plant is said to stimulate hair growth and prevent baldness. Powdered rosemary leaves are used as an effective natural flea and tick repellent.
Also Known As: Horseheal and Scabwort Medicinal: Used as a cure for the common cold as it drew out phlegm and aided in perspiration. It was also used to create cough syrup and lozenges to cure asthma. Other: Used to treat horses with pulmonary ailments.
Also Known As: Wood Betony and Hedge Nettle Medicinal: Historically, considered to be a remedy for all ills. Dried leaves have been used in herbal smoking and snuff mixtures, and compresses have been used to shrink pores, prevent infection and as a sedative.
Meadow Sweet (Perennial)
Also Known As: Meadowswort and Mead Wort Medicinal: Increases urine output and it is used as a remedy for colds, bronchitis, upset stomach, heartburn, peptic ulcers, gout, and other joint disorders. Culinary: Commonly used to flavour wine, beer and many types of vinegar. Other: Commonly used in potpourri as an aromatic.
Medicinal: Traditionally used as a remedy for skin disease. Soapwort decoction can be used to ease coughs, bronchitis, and (used externally) skin conditions. Soapwort is dangerous if taken in strong doses or over long periods of time as chemicals can cause the breakdown of red blood cells, resulting in severe irritation of gastrointestinal tract. Other: Commonly used to clean delicate fabrics and tapestries.
Medicinal: tea made from its roots will induce vomiting and is used to treat diarrhoea. Other: Coreopsis has been used for centuries as a yellow dye.
Also Known As: Indian Cress Medicinal: Leaves were once used as a cure for scurvy because they contain high levels of vitamin C and iron. The seeds are used medically as they contain fatty oils and proteins and are an antiseptic effective against bacteria causing food poisoning, salmonella, urinary infections, acute bronchitis, strep throat, meningitis, and bacterial pneumonia. Culinary: Leaves can be used to flavour salads and the flowers can be used as a substitute for capers.
Golden Marguerite (Perennial)
Also Known As: Yellow Chamomile, Dyer’s Chamomile, Boston Daisy Medicinal: When rubbed on insect bites, the golden flowers are said to relieve pain and itchiness. Other: Primarily used for its yellow and golden-orange dyes, particularly for fabrics.
Also Known As: Lady’s Bedstraw and Cheese Rennet Medicinal: Often used to treat kidney and urinary disorders. Flower stems promote urination, prevent infection and relieve muscle spasms. Culinary: Historically it has been used for curdling milk in cheese making and yellow dye obtained from the leaves was used to colour cheese as well as butter. Other: Often used as a yellow dye.